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Oysters As an Environmental Indicator in Dona Bay

Oyster Book

Oxygen

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Facebook Is a Global Society to be Reckoned With

“If people share more, the world will become more open and connected. And a world that’s more open and connected is a better world.” Mark Zuckerberg 2010

The opening quote is from a book titled The Facebook Effect: The inside story of the company that is connecting the world. With the exponential growth of new media and the majority of the population connected through the internet, social media networking sites particularly Facebook are rapidly becoming a vast Global Society in and of itself.

In July 2010 Facebook had over 500 million users (Chalkley) including 35.3 percent of the American population (Kirkpatrick). By October 2012 Facebook reached the one billion user mark. Facebook users make up one seventh of the world’s population. This portion of the world’s population now shares everything from private moments to videos of political protest crackdowns. These videos are often shared moments after they were uploaded to YouTube. This new media platform in the form of a social network is a large force, possibly even a global society on its own that surpasses geo-political boundaries
Facebook is currently used by many politicians throughout the world to reach constituents in order to further their cause. Take the 2008 U.S. election as an example. “This was the first election where all the candidates – presidential and congressional – attempted to connect directly with American voters via online social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace. (It has even been called the “Facebook election”) It is no coincidence that one of Obama’s key strategists was 24-year-old Chris Hughes, a Facebook co-founder.” (Frasser & Dutta) Statistics showed “Obama had more than 2 million American supporters on Facebook; McCain, just over 600,000. On the microblogging platform Twitter, Obama could count on more than 112,000 supporters “tweeting” to get him elected. McCain, for his part, had only 4,600 followers on Twitter.” (Frasser & Dutta). With Obama garnering 70% of the youth vote in this election it became clear that not only is Facebook a virtual social hangout but a one that has the power to swing world politics. The Obama administration is currently using Facebook successfully as a tool to get Americans registered for healthcare under the Affordable Healthcare Act. The use of Facebook to advance political causes is not just a U.S. phenomenon but a global one. Finland used new media platforms for citizen input on legislation. The people of Ukraine live streamed the electoral fraud that led to the current political turmoil that is widely said to be the most tense political moment in eastern European politics since the cold war.

We live in a time where Baudrillard’s explanation of hyper-reality is the new reality. Baudrillard describes hyper-reality as reality imitating reality. He further explains that “Hyper-reality is more than just exaggerated media images. It’s a process, whereby emphasized or accumulated media is accepted as a true reflection of reality and behaviors are affected as a result.” (Chaukley) The dissemination of world news to the masses in almost real-time and the constant sharing of that news is what makes hyper-reality the new reality. In turn, this makes it difficult for governments to scramble and put spins on many incidents. Many people get and share much of their daily news from Facebook news feeds. Globally shared news from whistle-blower sites and groups, such as Wikileaks and Anonymous, tend to force governments and societies to become ever more transparent and accountable.
Through these mediums of global social connection the public is becoming increasingly educated and aware of social issues which often lead to discussion, organization and action. There are prominent examples of how social media has fueled the fire of social change. For example in Colombia a man who was fed up with the atrocities committed by the guerrilla group FARC created the Facebook group, One Million Voices Against FARC. The group called for the end of FARC. They organized a protest march which at first was local but with a little member pressure actually turned global.(Add to previous paragraph)“What ensued was one of the most extraordinary examples of digitally fueled activism the world has ever seen. On February 4, about 10 million people marched against FARC in hundreds of cities in Colombia according to Colombian press estimates. As many as 2 million more marched in cities around the world. The movement that began with an impassioned midnight Facebook post in one frustrated young man’s bedroom led to one of the largest demonstrations ever, anywhere in the world”. (Kirkpatrick)
This Facebook organized movement was seen as instrumental in the high profile release of hostages such as Ingrid Betancourt, a Colombian politician, former senator and anti-corruption activist. She and other hostages were held in the jungles of Colombia for years. In addition, the group is widely considered as instrumental in the loss of popularity and the power of FARC.
Facebook was also instrumental in the 2009 elections in Iran. It gave a platform and voice to the moderates. As a result of the disputed election results, protesters were called to the streets using Facebook. Videos capturing the civil unrest were uploaded and spread world-wide via Facebook. The Iranian government tried unsuccessfully to censor the use of Facebook during this tumultuous period. In the spring of 2011 the world was rocked by the “Arab Spring” uprisings. “The Arab Spring is a term for the revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests (both non-violent and violent), riots and civil wars in the Arab world that began on the 18th of December 2010. By December 2013, rulers had been forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt (twice), Libya, and Yemen; civil uprisings had erupted in Bahrain and Syria; major protests had broken out in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, and Sudan; and minor protests had occurred in Mauritania, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Western Sahara, and the Palestinian territories.” (Wikipedia) Social media, particularly Facebook, was and is highly instrumental as both an organizational and a communication platform for protest and revolutionary organizers. The government of Egypt rapidly tried, somewhat successfully to shut down the internet to debilitate the opposition. “Nine out of ten Egyptians and Tunisians responded to a poll that they used Facebook to organize protests and spread awareness. Furthermore, 28% of Egyptians and 29% of Tunisians from the same poll said that blocking Facebook greatly hindered and/or disrupted communication.” (Wikipedia) The current Syrian conflict that has evolved out of the Arab Spring uprisings is now widely regarded as a regional conflict involving Lebanon, Iraq, and Turkey as well as many radical Islamic factions making up the various rebel groups. These Rebel Groups have been documented to use Facebook to share combat tactics, coordinate efforts and spread their own propaganda.
Using the Arab Spring as an example and motivation the 99% anti-Wall Street movement used Facebook and twitter to share information and mobilize people worldwide to fight against the increasing control that mega-corporations and the mega-rich exert over the lives of the global populace. During this anti-Wall Street movement Facebook news feeds were populated with images and videos showing heavy handed police tactics used against demonstrators worldwide. Once again this information was shared in near real-time with real world consequences such as certain police officers ending careers as well as investigations into tactics. This intensive sharing of information has led to further protests as well as some government concessions. Even my own news feed is populated with posts regarding things such as “Marches against Monsanto” and the sustainable, local, organic food movement that I do not see covered in the mainstream media and would be unaware of if I were not a Facebook user.
The immense political power of social media has not escaped the attention of governments in power. As stated above Iran and Egypt, both to varying degrees of success, tried to limit citizen exposure to the internet and social media platforms. They also monitored online activist’s sites and posts in order to glean information and crackdown on dissent. Even our supposedly free and open society here in the United States has been reported to mine data from many of these websites through the NSA’s PRISM software. Although Companies such as Google, Facebook, Yahoo, Apple and Twitter deny providing unimpeded government access to users, a recent scathing report points out that a ”horrified” career intelligence office has provided slides detailing a secret US government spying program in which the US National Security Agency (NSA) and the FBI allegedly have direct access to the servers of Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, AOL, Skype, YouTube and Apple.” “They quite literally can watch your ideas form as you type,” the anonymous intelligence officer told the Post.” (Mimms) Recent revelations from both WikiLeaks and Edward Snowden revealed that the governments prying eyes go deep. And with a global social platform of over 1 billion users, it looks like they have reason for concern.

Mark Zuckerberg, widely credited with the creation of Facebook and the CEO said “the world should be governed by people. A lot of that stuff has really shaped me. And this is a lot of what Facebook is pushing for.” I tend to agree. I have 329 “friends” on my Facebook account. Some are acquaintances, some family and many are friends. I know all of them personally except two. Some of these friends have as low as 58 other friends and some upwards of a 1000. Using basic logic it easy to see how all 1 billion users on Facebook could be connected to everyone’s posts eventually through viral sharing. It is also easy to see that we have rapid access to vast amounts of information like never before in the history of mankind. Needless to say, Facebook is not the only new media platform that creates the opportunity for the fast sharing of information. There is twitter, YouTube, Google, Yahoo, etc. But Facebook is in-arguably the largest and most looked at out of them all at this current time. With so many people sharing news, ideas, using it as a marketing platform and even a tool for political organization and activism it is easy to see that Facebook has rapidly become a society of its own. Facebook is a society that is global, and bridges language, culture, religious and geographic barriers. I believe in the inherent goodness of mankind. I especially believe in the collective goodness of 1 billion people. As evidenced with the events described above that have unfolded across the globe in the last eight years or so, Facebook is the new medium that is indeed bringing the world together in an unprecedented scale. This platform, in essence, is governed by the people and the masses. It is a virtual society whose rules and paradigms have the potential to shift society in a way that is beneficial for the collective good of the globe. This society is emerging at a time where the earth itself is under duress from the anthropogenic impacts of an exponentially growing population. We as humans are becoming hyperaware of our effects on the health of both the planet and society as a whole. I too believe that If people share more, the world will become more open and connected. And a world that’s more open and connected will be a better world. With the ever growing membership of this society, positive corporate and government transparency, as well as change for the collective good is inevitable.

Sources

http://www.policymic.com/articles/19998/how-facebook-changed-politics-forever

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2008/nov/07/barackobama-uselections2008

http://www.npr.org/2011/01/28/133306336/Twitter-Facebook-As-Political-Tools-In-Arab-World

http://www.policymic.com/articles/19998/how-facebook-changed-politics-forever

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_activism

http://www.azcentral.com/story/az-dc/2014/03/10/politics-buying-facebook-twitter-followers/6265985/

http://qz.com/91909/nsa-fbi-secret-surveillance-google-facebook-microsoft-yahoo-aol-and-skype/

http://agbeat.com/tech-news/google-microsoft-facebook-others-form-coalition-government-spying/

http://socialtimes.com/facebook-in-egypt-the-dawn-of-a-new-free-democraticpress_b38808

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/08/books/08book.html?_r=1&

http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/technology/facebook-reaches-1-billion-users/2012/10/04/5edfefb2-0e14-11e2-bb5e-492c0d30bff6_story.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/08/books/excerpt-facebook-effect.html?ref=books&_r=0

http://network.socialmedia.mayoclinic.org/hcsml-grid/

http://www.socialmediaexplorer.com/social-media-marketing/the-great-facebook-swindle-and-what-to-do-about-it/

http://socialtimes.com/facebook-in-egypt-the-dawn-of-a-new-free-democratic-press_b38808

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arab_Spring

The Deep Web

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An interesting article (link below) that discusses the deep web which is not generally accessible by standard search engines.

“By its very nature, the size of the Deep Web is difficult to calculate. But top university researchers say the Web you know — Facebook (FB, Fortune 500), Wikipedia, news — makes up less than 1% of the entire World Wide Web.” (Pagliery)

This article seems to have some relevance to the Berners-Lee, Tim, et al. “The World-Wide Web.” reading in The New Media Reader.

http://money.cnn.com/2014/03/10/technology/deep-web/index.html?hpt=hp_t2

Pagliery, JoseMarch. “The Deep Web You Don’t Know About”. March 10, 2014. CNN Money. Web.

Social Media: A New Governing Platform

islamists-target-algeria-arab-spring-december-2011

One of the most widely used new media platforms is the social media site Facebook. With over One Billion Members worldwide (one seventh of the earths population), it is not surprising that face book could become a sort of new media / new world government by its instantaneous nature of social information transfer.  Below are some links to articles regarding Facebook’s role in the Arab spring uprisings that occurred in the middle east in 2011. These uprisings have radically changed governments in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, and more. Currently in Syria there is a bloody civil war that blossomed out of the Arab spring

http://www.wired.com/magazine/2013/04/arabspring

http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/09/so-was-facebook-responsible-for-the-arab-spring-after-all

http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/what-the-arab-spring-tells-us-about-the-future-of-social-media-in-revolutionary-movements

Updating Average Annual Rainfall for Sarasota Bay

Keeping track of annual average rainfall is important for watershed management. The following video tutorial shows a quick process for updating a graphical representation of average annual rainfall using a bar-graph that compares average annual rainfall to the historic rainfall. Average annual rainfall for Sarasota bay is calculated by combining the daily values from approximately 17 different automated rainfall collection sites. The combined values are totaled yielding a monthly value in inches. These monthly averages are then tabulated on a separate sheet in excel. The monthly averages are then presented graphically using a bar graph with the historical annual average behind the current year average. The following video is an example of how to update the bar graphs with the current years data in a quick manner. These graphs are a quick visual representation to let management know what how the current years data compares to the long term average on a month-to-month basis.

wq-sampling.jpg

WQ Sampling

Water Quality Sampling is an important way to check the health of watersheds by sampling tributaries for nutrients and other pollutants. The above illustrated procedure shows the procedure for collection of grab samples for the Sarasota County tidal creek monitoring program. On this particular day samples were taken throughout the Myakka River watershed. It is the same procedure used at each site. Each sampling location has bottles for Nitrates, Organo-Phosphorus, chlorophyll, turbidity and color, as well as fecal coliform. It is important that water quality samples are taken the same way for both consistency as well as adherence to state water quality standards. Therefore, it is a good idea to have an illustrated procedure rather than text instructions so that samplers can visualize the procedure.

Postmodernism and Hyper-Reality

I enjoyed reading how through technical communications in the form of news media ideals can often be shifted based on perceptions in a process called hyper reality. Chalkley paraphrases the definition of modernism as “the belief in and the pursuit of bigger, better, faster, more. He goes on to imply that modernism differs from post modernism in that modernists believed it was possible to achieve an ideal world or sate through progress while postmodernists have lost faith in that possibility.(Chalkley, 101) In the text Chalkey gives examples of how postmodernist paradigms are important for the formation of ideals. He discusses Hyper reality and presents us with examples of how news media and advertisers use a form of reality that the user takes to a higher extreme when trying to emulate perceived behavior or outcomes. “Hyper reality is more than just exaggerated media images. It’s a process, whereby emphasized or accentuated media is accepted as a true reflection of reality, and behaviors are affected as a result.” (Chalkley, 102) One example is how the news or, movies or other media tend to speed up a story or present the events in an altered manner. When people see events unfold that took a certain amount or of time or process they naturally tend to speed up the process or “one-up” the original event due to their altered perception of the event.  Another example used was the airbrushing or photo-shopping of models in magazines. This is a popular topic where the female body as presented through the media in an altered form is influencing how women view their bodies and encouraging young girls to strive for an often unattainable or even unhealthy goal. This example shows how an altered reality is taken hyper by the actions of the viewers. In this example hyper-reality has deep reaching effects in many ways. Not only are body perceptions influenced but the fitness industry, health food and diet industry, and the fashion industry can all be affected from this form of hyper reality pushed through to and spread by the masses through new mediums of communication.

 

Chalkley, T., Brown, A., Cinque, T., Warren, B., Hobbs, M., & Finn, M. (2012). Communication, New Media and Everyday Life. (pp. 3-6). Victoria, Australia: Oxford University Press.

Kay-Goldberg and the personal computer

The essay regarding the personal dynamic was interesting and followed the vein of logic in the wrings by Murray and Manovich in a few ways. One is that all the authors referenced historical media with Kay and Goldberg discussing how media has been around for thousands of years.  Whether it was cave paintings hieroglyphics or clay tablets, humans have used media for a long time (Kay & Goldberg 393). All three authors also predicted future modes of new media. It was quite interesting that Kay and Goldberg discussed the personal dynamic and were developing the Dynabook which is what could be described as the current tablets and small laptop computers that are all the rage. The authors provided many functions of these tablets and referred to it as a “metamedium”. In the conclusion Kay and Goldberg wondered whether catering the Dynabook to everyone would make it collapse from trying to be too many things for too many people (Kay & Goldberg  403). I think the answer to that is no with the proof in the pudding so to speak. The current tablets are so popular as they are multifunctional and have provided such a variety of uses for so many people. They are used for everything that the authors gave examples for and more. I am using one now as I type for class. My daughter is a musician and creates her own music on them and reedits and produces tracks as described in the essay. Of course they have great entertainment value too as people are increasingly watching all of their favorite television shows, movies and even listening to their music with tablets. Increasingly, people no longer need an office and can work from anywhere and anytime by using this metamedia device. It is hard to imagine life now without laptops and notebook computers and pads.

Kay, Alan, & Goldberg, Adele. (1977). Personal Dynamic Media  Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Nick Montfort (Eds.) , The New Media Reader (391-404). Cambridge: The MIT Press